|Legal Status||Class B|
Penalty for possession: Up to five years in prison and / or an unlimited fine.
Penalty for dealing: Up to 14 years in prison and / or an unlimited fine.
Codeine is a opioid analgesic first isolated from opium in 1832. Codeine toxicity is due to opioid effects. The fatal dose is likely to be variable between individuals depending on tolerance and rates of metabolic conversion to morphine. As codeine is metabolised to morphine, the effects may be prolonged after overdose. This is especially the case in patients with renal impairment and the elderly.
The acutely lethal dose of codeine for an adult has been estimated at 0.5 – 1.0g. Severe opiate toxicity produces depression of the respiratory and central nervous systems and pin-point pupils. If untreated the depression of the level of consciousness can lead to deep coma, convulsions and respiratory arrest. The effects in overdosage will be potentiated by simultaneous ingestion of alcohol and other centrally acting drugs.
|Short Term Effects||
Nausea, vomiting, nightmares, anxiety, agitation, euphoria, dysphoria, depression, paranoia and hallucinations. Opioids, in particular codeine, can cause histamine release, most commonly causing urticaria and pruritis.
Identified in Poland: • N-(2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl)-N-methylbenzo[d][1,3]dioxole-5-carboxamide (3,4-methylenedioxy-U-47700)a NPS Opioid
There have been recent deaths and hospitalisations relating to substance use at festivals.: Be aware that over the past few years there has been an increase in the dosage and purity of substances available, in particular MDMA ‘Ecstasy’ pills. Increased purity and dosage means an increase in potential for adverse effects. Pills and powders etc.. may not contain what is intended, different substances have different doses,effects, time of onset and duration. Where WEDINOS have tested pressed pills; the result relates only to the samples analysed and cannot be used to indicate the contents, profile or quality of a wider batch of the substance. This is always the case despite pills having the same logo, shape size and colour.