|Legal Status||Psychoactive Substances Act 2016|
Personal possession is not controlled; however possession in a custodial institution is illegal and carries a penalty of up to two years in prison and/or a fine.
Production, supply, offer to Supply, possession with intent to supply and importation or exportation will be illegal. These offences carry a penalty of up to seven years in prison and/or a fine.
Thienodiazepine drug which is a benzodiazepine analogue. Etizolam is used for therapeutic purposes almost exclusively in Japan and it is not approved for human use in other countries.
|Short Term Effects||
Etizolam has the full range of group-specific benzodiazepine effects: anxiolytic, sedative, hypnotic, anticonvulsant, and muscle relaxant. It is 6-10 times more potent than diazepam (WHO expert committee on drug dependence, 1991). Benzodiazepines commonly cause drowsiness, ataxia, dysarthria and nystagmus. Coma, hypotension, bradycardia and respiratory depression occasionally occur but are seldom serious if these drugs are taken alone. Coma usually lasts only a few hours but may be prolonged in elderly patients. Benzodiazepine respiratory depressant effects are more serious in patients with severe chronic obstructive airways disease. Severe effects in overdose also include rhabdomyolysis and hypothermia. Co-ingestion of alcohol and other central nervous system depressants potentiates the effects of benzodiazepines and can increase toxicity.
Identified in Sweden: 7-chloro-5-(2-fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one (norfludiazepam). Norfludiazepam is a benzodiazepine and is structurally related to the internationally controlled substance diazepam.
Alert: Please be advised that Public Health England have issued an alert re. Fentanyl following identification post-mortem of fentanyl and heroin. This alert advises of the availability of, and harms from, heroin that has been mixed with fentanyl or carfentanyl, both unusually potent synthetic opioids. Those in contact with heroin users should be alert to the increased possibility of overdose arising from heroin cut with these synthetic opioids, be able to recognise possible symptoms of overdose and respond appropriately.